How To

Baking 101: Cake tins and baking pans

It might seem like common sense, but a lot of people get confused with the ins and outs of baking tins. We explain everything you need to know about sizes, shapes, materials and greasing techniques.
Baking pans cake tins

Which pan for which cake?

Mud cakes and gingerbread-type cakes, with a wet pourable mixture, bake best in a flat open pan. If these mixtures are baked in deep pans, they often rise and fall in the middle, or they take a long time to cook through.

Sponge cakes are best cooked in deep-sided pans as the high sides protect the delicate sponge mixture and prevent a crisp crust developing. Traditionally, sponge layer cakes are cooked in a pair of shallow sandwich pans, but we recommend the deeper pans for a better result.

Butter cakes are usually fairly forgiving and will happily bake in flat, deep or patty pans. The baking times will change, and sometimes the oven temperatures will need to be adjusted slightly, too.

Fruit cakes are really only fruit-packed butter cakes, and can be baked in just about any cake pan you choose – from really large to really small. Baking times and oven temperatures need to be adjusted. Also, the longer a rich fruit cake is baked the darker it becomes – small cakes remain quite (often disappointingly) pale.

Christmas cakes usually have quite a bit of height, so they’re best cooked in a deep square or round pan.

Biscuits cook best on flat oven trays or pans with shallow sides so that the heat skims over the top and ensures proper circulation and browning.

Slices cook best in slice pans or lamington pans. These are rectangular pans with sides about 2.5cm high.

Material

Aluminium (without non-stick coating) gives the best results, but these are becoming increasingly difficult to find.

Stainless-steel or tin provides better results if the oven temperature is reduced by 10°C. These tins usually have straight sides and sharp corners. Tin will rust, so dry thoroughly (do this using the oven’s stored heat) after washing.

Non-stick pans are readily available now. Reduce the oven temperature by 10°C as the dark surface absorbs the heat and can cause the cake to burn. Even though the pans are non-stick, we recommend that you grease them lightly or spray them with a cooking-oil spray.

Silicon bakeware is becoming increasingly popular. Buy the best you can afford and it will last you a lifetime. It does not brown as well as metal but is wonderfully non-stick and flexible, so you can twist it to “pop” the cakes out. Depending on its shape, silicone bakeware may need to be supported on an oven tray once filled.

Essential cake pans

If you’re a beginner baker, you should start off your collection with:

• a pan for slices

• two loaf pans

• a deep 20cm-round pan

• at least two oven trays with short sides – no more than 1cm high.

After buying these pans, add to the collection as you need them. Buy the best quality pans you can, and look after them properly.

Specialty pans

Bundt pans are heavily decorated large ring pans. You can buy them from cookware shops. Grease the pan well before adding the mixture. If you don’t have a bundt pan, the cake mixture can usually be baked in two 20cm ring or baba pans.

Nut roll tins are available in cookware shops and some homeware shops, however, you can make your own nut roll tins from tall 850ml (8cm x 17cm) fruit juice cans.

Greasing

To grease a cake pan, use either a light, even coating of cooking-oil spray, or use a pastry brush to brush melted butter lightly and evenly over the base and sides of the pan.

To grease and flour a cake pan, grease with melted butter and allow it to set before sprinkling with a little flour. Tap the pan, upside-down, on the bench to remove any excess flour from the pan.

Lining a pan with baking paper makes it easier to remove the cake once baked, it also stops the cake from sticking to the pan and from burning during long baking times.

If you’re lining a pan with baking paper, grease the sides of the pan first – this holds the paper in place. In most cases, it is not necessary to grease the baking paper as well.

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